Close

Results 1 to 1 of 1
  1. #1
    Full Member
    Join Date
    Dec 2002
    Posts
    199
    Rep Power
    6901

    Default Psychological effects of musky compounds: comparison of androstadienone with

    visit-red-300x50PNG
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WGC-479KWP9-4&_user=10&_coverDate=

    11%2F30%2F2002&_rdoc=1&_fmt=summary&_orig=browse&_ sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVers ion=0&_userid=10

    &md5=06939394cee3a9f8522495911c687a76


    Psychological effects of musky compounds: comparison of

    androstadienone with androstenol and muscone.

    Hormones and Behavior
    Volume 42, Issue 3 , November 2002, Pages

    274-283

    Suma Jacob, Sheila Garcia, Davinder Hayreh and Martha K. McClintock*

    Department of Psychology,

    Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60637

    Abstract
    Previously, we

    have shown that delta4,16-androstadien-3-one modulates psychological state, reducing negative mood and increasing

    positive mood (Jacob and McClintock, 2000; Jacob et al., 2001a). In order to determine whether similar musky

    compounds also produce these effects, we compared the effects of androstadienone to those of androstenol and

    muscone, measuring the psychological states of 37 participants. Androstenol and muscone were chosen because they too

    have a musky odor at high concentrations, while androstenol is a steroid like androstadienone and muscone is not. In

    a controlled laboratory setting, we conducted a double-blind, within-subject, repeated-measures experiment

    counterbalanced for order of presentation. Under each participant's nose, a nanomolar amount of each compound was

    presented, masked by clove oil to minimize perceptible olfactory differences. Participants completed a baseline

    psychological battery and twice again at 25-min intervals after exposure. Androstadienone's effects on

    psychological state were unique in comparison with those of androstenol and with muscone. Exposure through passive

    inhalation, rather than dermal contact, was sufficient for these effects. Although this is additional evidence that

    androstadienone may be a pheromone, it is yet to be determined whether humans exude concentrations into the air

    adequate for social communication or process this chemical information within natural social contexts.

    Author

    Keywords: chemosignals; pheromone; odor; mood; musky compounds; steroids

    *To whom correspondence and reprint

    requests should be addressed at Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, 5730 S. Woodlawn Avenue,

    Chicago, IL 60637. Fax: 773-702-0320. E-mail: mkml@uchicago.edu.

    Publication

    Types:
    Clinical Trial
    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Discussion on this topic can be found by

    clicking here.
    Last edited by oscar; 07-29-2004 at 09:45 AM. Reason: Inserting Link

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 8
    Last Post: 07-19-2004, 10:10 AM
  2. Replies: 0
    Last Post: 07-17-2004, 08:47 PM
  3. Positive effects on the user
    By Visionary in forum Pheromone Discussion
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 05-24-2003, 09:02 AM
  4. a1 testing: preliminary report; effects to self
    By elvido in forum Pheromone Discussion
    Replies: 17
    Last Post: 04-22-2003, 09:59 AM
  5. Androstadienone and Pherox patents
    By **DONOTDELETE** in forum Archives 1
    Replies: 17
    Last Post: 12-28-2001, 01:28 PM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •